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National Institute of Drug Abuse: Monitoring the Future Survey. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Drug Abuse, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Orleans CT, Schoenbach VJ, Salmon MA, Strecher VJ, Kalsbeek W, Quade D, et al: A survey of smoking and quitting patterns among black Americans. Predictors of Intention to Obtain Colorectal Cancer Screening Among African American Men in a State Fair Setting Charles R. Cummings KM, Hyland A, Pechacek TF, Orlandi M, Lynn WR: Comparison of recent trends in adolescent and adult cigarette smoking behaviour and brand preferences. Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE: Cigarette brand preferences among adolescents. We also conducted further data analyses using the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the National Youth Tobacco Survey, the Monitoring the Future Survey, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to provide up-to-date information on this topic. Department of Health and Human Services: The NSDUH Report: Use of Menthol Cigarettes. Results: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately smoked by adolescents, blacks/African Americans, adult females, those living in the Northeast of the United States and those with family incomes lower than ,000. Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National findings (DHHS Publication No.
Joseph, Patrick Hammett, Michelle Van Ryn, David B. Conclusions: Menthol cigarettes are disproportionately smoked by groups of U. Federal Trade Commission: Tar, Nicotine, and Carbon Monoxide Reports Including Universal Product Codes, TITL Codes, and Field “packtype” from 1998 to 2005. Kreslake JM, Wayne GF, Alpert HR, Koh HK, Connolly GN: Tobacco industry control of menthol in cigarettes and targeting of adolescents and young adults. 2009, Unpublished report available from the authors. Non-menthol Cigarette Smoke Extract on Human Lung Epithelial Cells: A Double-Hit on TRPM8 by Reactive Oxygen Species and Menthol An-Hsuan Lin, Meng-Han Liu, Hsin-Kuo B.
Reed Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities Enhancing effect of menthol on nicotine self-administration in rats Lisa Biswas, Erin Harrison, Yongzhen Gong, Ramachandram Avusula, Jonathan Lee, Meiyu Zhang, Thomas Rousselle, Janice Lage, Xiu Liu Psychopharmacology Inflammatory Effects of Menthol vs.
Werley MS, Coggins CR, Lee PN: Possible effects on smokers of cigarette mentholation: a review of the evidence relating to key research questions.